The mechanisms involved in early implant failure are multifactorial, involving surgeon, implant and patient (SIP) factors. Our key papers that separate out these SIP factors is presented below.

Surgeon Factor Papers:

Component Size Mismatch of Metal on Metal Hip Arthroplasty: An Avoidable Never Event 

Clinical Usefulness of SPECT–CT in Patients with an Unexplained Pain in Metal on Metal (MOM) Total Hip Arthroplasty

2D measurements of cup orientation are less reliable than 3D measurements

A New Approach to Managing Patients with Problematic Metal Hip Implants: The Use of an Internet-Enhanced Multidisciplinary Team Meeting: AAOS Exhibit Selection

International metal-on-metal multidisciplinary teams: do we manage patients with metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty in the same way? An analysis from the International Specialist Centre Collaboration on MOM Hips (ISCCoMH)

Management of metal-on-metal hip implant patients: Who, when and how to revise?

The effect of using components from different manufacturers on the rate of wear and corrosion of the head-stem taper junction of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties

The Effect Of Impact Assembly On The Interface Deformation And Fretting Corrosion Of Modular Hip Tapers: An In Vitro Study

3D patient imaging and retrieval analysis help understand the clinical importance of rotation in knee replacements

Computed Tomography Techniques Help Understand Wear Patterns in Retrieved Total Knee Replacement

Cup Inclination Angle of Greater than 50 Degrees Increases whole Blood Concentrations of Cobalt and Chromium ions after Metal-on-metal Hip Resurfacing

The relationship between the angle of version and rate of wear of retrieved metal-on-metal resurfacings A PROSPECTIVE, CT-BASED STUDY

Insufficient Acetabular Version Increases Blood Metal Ion Levels after Metal-on-metal Hip Resurfacing

Understanding why metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties fail: A comparison between patients with well-functioning and revised Birmingham hip resurfacing arthroplasties - AAOS exhibit selection

Which Factors Determine the Wear Rate of Large-Diameter Metal-on-Metal Hip Replacements?

Implant Factor Papers:

Retrieval Findings of Recalled Dual-Taper Hips

Effect of Bearing Type on Taper Material Loss in Hips From 1 Manufacturer

Assessment of corrosion in retrieved spine implants

Assessment of the equivalence of a generic to a branded femoral stem

Analysing a mechanism of failure in magnetically controlled spinal rods

Fretting and Corrosion Between a Metal Shell and Metal Liner May Explain the High Rate of Failure of R3 Modular Metal-on-Metal Hips

The variation in taper surface roughness for a single design effects the wear rate in total hip arthroplasty

Clinical Cold-Welding of the Modular Total Hip Arthroplasty Prosthesis

Factors Associated With Trunnionosis in the Metal-on-Metal Pinnacle Hip

Clinical significance of corrosion of cemented femoral stems in metal-on-metal hips: a retrieval study

Lessons from retrievals: Retrievals help understand the reason for revision of coated hip arthroplasties

Corrosion of Metal Modular Cup Liners

Influence of stem type on material loss at the metal-on-metal pinnacle taper junction

Enhanced Wear and Corrosion in Modular Tapers in Total Hip Replacement Is Associated With the Contact Area and Surface Topography

Material Loss at the Taper Junction of Retrieved Large Head Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Replacements

A retrieval analysis of explanted Durom metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties

A comparison of explanted Articular Surface Replacement and Birmingham Hip Resurfacing components

Patient Factor Papers:

Pseudotumors Are Common in Well-positioned Low-wearing Metal-on-Metal Hips

Pseudotumors in Association with Well-Functioning Metal-on-Metal Hip Prostheses A Case-Control Study Using Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Muscle atrophy and metal-on-metal hip implants: A serial MRI study of 74 hips

Frequent Femoral Neck Osteolysis With Birmingham Mid-head Resection Resurfacing Arthroplasty in Young Patients

Clinical relevance of corrosion patterns attributed to inflammatory cell-induced corrosion: A retrieval study

Understanding the in vivo reactivity of metal orthopaedic implants

The Chemical Form of Metal Species Released from Corroded Taper Junctions of Hip Implants: Synchrotron Analysis of Patient Tissue

Assessing for Cardiotoxicity from Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants with Advanced Multimodality Imaging Techniques

Decrease in Local Volumetric Bone Mineral Density in Osteoarthritic Joints Is Associated with the Increase in Cartilage Damage: A Peripheral Quantitative CT Study

Synchrotron Analysis of Human Organ Tissue Exposed to Implant Material

The risk of cardiac failure following metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty

Understanding the reactivity of CoCrMo-implant wear particles